THCA (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) is the acidic parent of THC found in the raw cannabis plant. When exposed to heat, sunlight, or time, the THCA in the harvested plant will convert to THC. THCA is non-psychoactive and has anti-nausea, antiseizure, antispasmodic, antitumor, and anti-cancer properties.
THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is most abundant cannabinoid present in marijuana, THC is responsible for cannabis’s most well-known psychoactive effects. THC acts as a partial agonist at the CB1 and CB2 receptors. The compound is a mild analgesic or painkiller, and cellular research has shown that it has antioxidant activity.
CBDA (Cannabidiolic acid) converts to CBD when it is exposed to heat, sunlight, or time.
CBDA is non-psychoactive. CBDA has anti-nausea, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and anti-cancer properties.
CBD (Cannabidiol) is non-psychoactive and has anti-tumoral, antioxidant, anti-spasmodic, anti-psychotic, anti-convulsive, and neuroprotective properties. CBD directly activates serotonin receptors, causing an anti-anxiety effect as well. Add link to What’s the difference between CBD from Whole Flower vs. Hemp and isolate
CBN (Cannabinol) is a breakdown product of THC and mildly psychoactive, known for sedative properties. As harvested cannabis ages, THC will gradually be converted to CBN. CBN has sleep aid, analgesic, and antispasmodic properties.
THCVA (Tetrahydrocanabivarinic acid) and THCV (Tetrahydrocanabivarin) have psychoactive properties but much less than THC. It’s a minor cannabinoid found in only some strains of cannabis and has appetite-suppressing and antiseizure properties. CBGA naturally converts to THCA and CBDA as the plant develops. In harvested plants, remaining CBGA converts to CBG. CBG is non-psychoactive and has antidepressant, antibacterial, anti–muscle spasm, and antifungal properties.
CBCA (Cannabichromenenic acid) and CBC are non psychoactive, found in small amounts, and have pain reducing, anti-inflammatory, tumor-inhibiting, antibiotic, antifungal, and bone growth properties.
CBDVA (Cannabidivarinic acid) non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in Cannabis that reportedly has anti-inflammatory properties.